The purpose of vocational education and
training is to raise the vocational competence of the population,
develop and meet the competence requirements of working life and support
access to employment.
Vocational education and training
leading to a qualification comprises vocational upper secondary
qualifications and further and specialist vocational qualifications
pursued as part of further education. Both young people and adults can
obtain vocational upper secondary qualifications. Adults can also attain
further and specialist vocational qualifications at various stages of
their career path.
Vocational upper secondary qualifications can
be pursued in educational institutions, through apprenticeship training
or as competence-based qualifications. The scope of vocational upper
secondary qualifications is 120 credits and, in an institutional
setting, a qualification will usually take approximately three years to
Adults can complete vocational upper secondary
qualifications and further and specialist vocational qualifications as
competence-based qualifications, independent of how they have acquired
the necessary skills. However, most students attend preparatory training
before taking a competence test. Preparatory training for
competence-based qualifications can also form a part of apprenticeship
The statistics on vocational education and training
include information on new students, students in education and
completers of qualifications, covering syllabus-based education
(vocational upper secondary qualifications) and preparatory training for
competence-based qualifications (vocational upper secondary
qualifications, further vocational qualifications and special vocational
For information on vocational further education and training that does not lead to a qualification, see the statistics on adult education and learning. The section also provides additional statistics on competence-based qualifications.
The statistics are based on data and registers collected by Statistics Finland and the Finnish National Board of Education.