The mission of universities is
to promote free research and academic and artistic education and to
provide higher education based on research. In carrying out their
mission, the universities interact with society and promote the impact
of research findings on society.
Universities provide lower
(Bachelor's) and higher (Master's) degrees and scientific postgraduate
degrees (licentiate and doctoral degrees). Universities may also engage
in fee-paying continuing education and open university instruction.
Thirteen universities are administered by the Ministry of Education and Culture,
two of which are foundations (*) governed by the Foundations Act and
the remaining of which are corporations under public law.
military degrees are provided by the National Defence College operating
under the defence administration. The Vipunen Reporting Portal mainly
provides statistics on the universities administered by the Ministry of
Education and Culture.
The statistics on universities are based on
data collected by the Ministry of Education and Culture from the
universities, and data produced by Statistics Finland. The data is usually provided by
university or field of education. The statistics on universities largely
follow the Finnish National Agency for Education's 1995 classification of
the fields of education. Some statistics also use the more specific
2002 classification by the Finnish National Agency for Education.
statistics on universities in the Vipunen Reporting Portal start from
either the year 2005 or 2010.