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Concepts and definitions
  
Definition
collapse Concept type : Variable quantities ‎(6)
Admitted
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, "Admitted" refers to the following groups: Students beginning general upper secondary school, referring to students registered with a school during the statistical year.New students in vocational upper secondary education and training, referring to students registered with the institution between 1 January and 20 September. New students in preparatory training for competence-based qualifications, referring to students registered with the institution between 1 January and 31 December. New students in apprenticeship training, referring to students who had signed the apprenticeship contract between 1 January and 31 December. Students entering polytechnic education, referring to students who registered for the first time for degree programmes leading to a polytechnic degree and polytechnic master´s degree and were registered as being present at the institution during the statistical year. Students who entered university education, referring to students who registered for the first time for degree programmes leading to a Bachelor's or Master's degree and were registered as present at the university during the statistical year.
Educational structure of population
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, the educational structure of the population refers to the education of the population aged 15 and over and living in Finland during the statistical year, based on the highest qualification attained. The person's highest qualification is determined according to the level of education. If a person has attained more than one qualification at the same level of education, the most recent qualification is shown. If a person has completed the matriculation examination and a vocational qualification at the secondary level of education, the vocational qualification is shown. This category does not include completed qualification modules.
New students
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, “New students” refers to the following groups: New students in general upper secondary education, referring to students on 20 September of the statistical year who had registered with the institution between 1 January and 20 September of the statistical year. New students in vocational education and training, referring to students who had registered for a programme at the institution or signed an apprenticeship contract during the statistical year. New students in curriculum-based vocational upper secondary education and training, referring to students registered with the institution between 1 January and 20 September. New students in preparatory training for competence-based qualifications, referring to students registered with the institution between 1 January and 31 December. New students in apprenticeship training, referring to students who had signed the apprenticeship contract between 1 January and 31 December. New students in polytechnic education (both polytechnic degrees and polytechnic Master's degrees), referring to students on 20 September of the statistical year who had registered with the institution for the first time between 1 January and 20 September as being present or absent in their degree programme. New students in university education, referring to students pursuing Bachelor's or Master's degrees on 20 September of the statistical year who had registered for the first time between 1 January and 20 September as being present or absent at the university.
Number of persons who completed basic education and attained a qualification
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, this figure refers to persons who completed basic education and attained a qualification after the basic level lower secondary-level qualification. The data for the statistical year refers to a person's most recent and highest qualification. If a person has attained more than one qualification at the same level of education, the most recent qualification is shown. If a person has completed the matriculation examination and a vocational qualification at the same level of education, the vocational qualification is shown. Persons who have attended preparatory training for competence-based qualifications are included if they completed all modules of the qualification. The figure does not include completers of military qualifications or foreign qualifications, or persons with an incomplete personal identification number.
Qualifications
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal “Qualifications” refers to the following groups: Basic education qualifications, referring to persons receiving the basic education certificate after completing grade 9 and persons completing the basic education syllabus by a special examination. General upper secondary school qualifications, referring to matriculation examinations, international baccalaureates (IB and Reifeprüfung) and the Gymnasieexamen examinations completed during the statistical year. Vocational education and training qualifications, referring to the vocational upper secondary qualifications, further vocational qualifications and specialist vocational qualifications completed during the statistical year. Polytechnic qualifications, referring to polytechnic degrees and polytechnic Master's degrees completed during the calendar year (statistical year). University qualifications, referring to Bachelor's and Master's degrees, licentiate degrees, doctoral degrees, Specialist Degree in Medicine, Specialist Degree in Dentistry and Specialist Degree in Veterinary completed during the calendar year (statistical year).
Students
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, Students refers to the following groups: Pupils attending basic education, referring to pupils in pre-primary and basic education (incl. voluntary additional basic education i.e. grade 10) on 20 September. General upper secondary school students, referring to students pursuing the full general upper secondary school syllabus or equivalent (such as the EB, IB and Reifeprüfung qualifications and Gymnasieexamen in the Åland Islands) on 20 September. Students in vocational education and training, referring to students registered with an institution on 20 September and attending programmes leading to a qualification or attending apprenticeship training during the statistical year. Polytechnic students, referring to students registered with a polytechnic on 20 September and attending degree programmes leading to a polytechnic Bachelor's  or Master's degree. University students, referring to students registered with a university on 20 September and attending degree programmes leading a Bachelor's or Master's degree, licentiate degree, doctoral degree, Specialist Degree in Medicine, Specialist Degree in Dentistry or Specialist Degree in Veterinary.
collapse Concept type : Categorical variables ‎(50)
Age group
In Vipunen, age group refers to a group to which a person belongs based on his or her age during the statistical year.
In statistics, people are usually divided into age groups by 5- or 1-year intervals (for example, persons aged 0-4, 5-9 or 10-14 or persons aged 0, 1, 2 or 3).
AVI area of education; the AVI area where the qualification has been attained
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, AVI area of education refers to the AVI area of the municipality where the education in question is or has been primarily pursued.
The AVI area of education may differ from the AVI area of the education provider or institution. The AVI areas (the Regional State Administrative Agencies) correspond to the Finnish regions. The Agencies foster regional parity by executing legislative implementation, steering and supervision functions in the regions.
AVI area of the education provider
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, AVI area of the education provider refers to the AVI area where the official address of the education provider is located.
AVI area of the institution
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, AVI area of the institution refers to the AVI area where the official address of the educational institution is located. The AVI area of the institution may differ from the AVI area of the education provider or education.
AVI area of the place of residence; the operating area of the Regional State Administrative Agency governing the place of residence
The Vipunen Reporting Portal defines the AVI area as the operating area of the Regional State Administrative Agency governing the home municipality where the person lives at the end of the year, as provided under the Municipality of Residence Act (201/1994; kotikuntalaki).
The AVI areas (the operating areas of the Regional State Administrative Agencies) correspond to the Finnish regions. The Agencies foster regional parity by executing legislative implementation, steering and supervision functions in the regions.
Education provider
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, education provider refers to the education provider as previously defined in the Vocabulary of Education (OKSA) (incl. maintaining organisations for polytechnics and maintaining organisations for non-formal adult education institutions) and universities.
Education under other than education administration; education under another administrative sector
Education subject to the laws, decrees and decisions prepared for the Government and Parliament by the provincial government of Åland or a ministry other than the Ministry of Education and Culture, and to the decisions, regulations and guidance issued by the provincial government of Åland or a ministry other than the Ministry of Education and Culture. Examples of education under another administrative sector include education provided by the Police College of Finland, the National Defence College and Åland Polytechnic. Statistics published in the Vipunen Reporting Portal exclude higher education that falls under the administrative sectors other than education administration. See also education under the education administration.
Education under the education administration
Education subject to the laws, decrees and decisions prepared for the Government and Parliament by the Ministry of Education and Culture, and to the decisions, regulations and guidance issued by the Ministry of Education and Culture and the government authorities working under the Ministry. See also education under other than education administration. Statistics published in the Vipunen Reporting Portal exclude higher education that falls under administrative sectors other than education administration.
Educational institution
An educational institution refers to an administrative unit with a principal or other head, which has teachers and other personnel in its service (role of employers), and which is liable to keep books and compile other documentation, in which students are registered, whose
activities are regulated by a legal act or decree, which follows a national curriculum, and which is financed and controlled by a public authority. An educational institution does not refer to a school building or facility. A new educational institution is established, an educational institution is abolished or merged with another educational institution at the decision of the organiser of education (maintaining organisation of the educational institution) or a public authority.
EEA country; Member of the European Economic Area
In Vipunen, the EEA country refers to the 27 EU Member States of the European Economic Area and Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. The variable values are "Yes" and "No".
ELY area of education; the ELY area where the qualification has been attained
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, AVI area of education refers to the AVI area of the municipality where the education in question is or has been primarily pursued.
The ELY area of education may differ from the ELY area of the education provider or institution. ELY areas (the operating areas of the Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment) correspond to the Finnish regions or regional combinations. ELY Centres are responsible for the central government implementation and development tasks that were formerly under the Employment and Economic Development Centres, Regional Environmental Centres, Road Districts and State Provincial Offices.
ELY area of the education provider
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, AVI area of the education provider refers to the AVI area where the official address of the education provider is located.
ELY area of the institution
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, ELY area of the institution refers to the ELY area where the official address of the educational institution is located. The ELY area of the institution may differ from the ELY area of the education provider or education.
ELY area of the place of residence; the operating area of the Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment governing the place of residence
The Vipunen Reporting Portal defines the AVI area as the operating area of the Regional State Administrative Agency governing the home municipality where the person lives at the end of the year, as provided under the Municipality of Residence Act (201/1994; kotikuntalaki).
ELY areas (the operating areas of the Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment) correspond to the Finnish regions or regional combinations. ELY Centres are responsible for the central government implementation and development tasks that were formerly under the Employment and Economic Development Centres, Regional Environmental Centres, Road Districts and State Provincial Offices.
EU country; Member of the European Union
In Vipunen, EU country refers to the 27 Member States of the European Union. The variable values are "Yes" and "No".
Field of education
The Vipunen Reporting Portal refers to the Finnish National Board of Education 2002 Classification of Education, Field of education (Opetushallinnon koulutusluokitus 2002, koulutusala) when classifying the fields of education.
Form of education and training
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, type of education further specifies the data on levels of education by distinguishing between youth and adult general upper secondary education (see youth/adult general upper secondary education), youth and adult polytechnic education, curriculum-based vocational upper secondary qualification, competence-based vocational upper secondary qualification, further vocational qualification and specialist vocational qualification (see method of vocational education), and by separating the above-mentioned vocational qualifications into institution-based and apprenticeship-based (see form of vocational education).
Form of vocational education and training
The forms of vocational education in vocational upper secondary education and training and vocational further education and training leading to a vocational qualification are provisions of educational institutions and apprenticeship training.
Gender
The Vipunen Reporting Portal variable values are "man", "woman", "not defined" and "not known".
Income group; ~ Income decile
The decile where a person is placed according to his or her annual taxable income. The limits of income deciles are formed by dividing the income-receiving population into ten equal groups according to their annual taxable income. In the income decile, the recipient group (tenth) that has the lowest income is indicated as 1 and the recipient group with the highest income (tenth) is indicated as 10; rest of the income recipients are divided between 2 and 9. Persons without income form their own group.
Language of education
Language in which the instruction as part of education is primarily given.
Language of the education provider
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, language of the education provider refers to the language of the provider laid down in law (when the provider is a municipality), the language indicated in the authorisation to provide education (when the provider is other than a municipality) or the language laid down in law (when the provider is a university). The variable values are "Finnish", "Swedish", "Bilingual: mainly Swedish" and "Bilingual: mainly Finnish".
Language of the institution
In educational institutions, the language of instruction is based on a decision made by the authorities but institutions can provide instruction in other languages in addition to the one specified in the decision. In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, educational institutions are divided into the following groups by language of instruction: 1) Finnish, 2) Swedish, 3) Finnish/Swedish, 4) English, 5) Sámi and 9) Other. If an educational institution provides education in Finnish and Swedish, the language of instruction will be "Finnish/Swedish".
Level of education
The Vipunen Reporting Portal refers to the Finnish National Board of Education 2002 Classification of Education, Level of education (Opetushallinnon koulutusluokitus 2002, koulutusaste) when classifying the levels of education.
Main type of activity
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, the concept of main type of activity describes the nature of a person's economic activity. The population is generally divided into people in the labour force (unemployed and unemployed) and those outside the labour force. These categories can be further divided into subgroups. The Vipunen Reporting Portal applies the following classification: "employed", "employed student", "student", "unemployed", "conscripts, conscientious objectors", "pensioners" (incl. persons receiving unemployment pension), "other or not known" and "emigrated". The last category is not part of the actual classification of main type of activity.
Method of vocational education and training
The methods of vocational education in vocational upper secondary education and training and vocational further education and training leading to a vocational qualification are curriculum-based provision and preparatory training for competence-based qualifications. Vocational upper secondary education and training is either curriculum-based or provides students with preparatory training for a competence-based qualification, while the method of education preparing students for further and specialist vocational qualifications (further education) always consists of preparatory training leading to a competence-based qualification.
Mother tongue
The Vipunen Reporting Portal applies a number of classifications of different level of accuracy, for example a two-letter code (ISO 639) or a narrower classification of "Finnish" (incl. Sámi), "Swedish", "Other language" and "Not known".
Municipality of education; municipality where the qualification is attained
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, municipality of education refers to the municipality where education is or has primarily been pursued. The municipality of education may differ from the municipality of the education provider or institution. Municipal borders are based on administrative territorial division. According to the principle of local self-government, a municipality has the right to manage the tasks it assumes for itself and those prescribed to it by law.
Municipality of residence
The Vipunen Reporting Portal defines the municipality of residence as a person's home municipality where the person lives at the end of the year, as provided under the Municipality of Residence Act (201/1994; kotikuntalaki).
Municipal borders are based on administrative territorial division. According to the principle of local self-government, a municipality has the right to manage the tasks it assumes for itself and those prescribed for it by law.
Municipality of the education provider
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, AVI area of the education provider refers to the AVI area where the official address of the education provider is located. The municipality of the education provider may differ from the municipality of the educational institution or education. Municipal borders are based on administrative territorial division. According to the principle of local self-government, a municipality has the right to manage the tasks it assumes for itself and those prescribed to it by law.
Municipality of the institution
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, ELY area of the institution refers to the ELY area where the official address of the educational institution is located. The municipality of the institution may differ from the municipality of the education provider or education.
Name of education
Name of education is a subclass of the field of education and the subfield of education, which helps in dividing education into more specific groups according to similar content. In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, name of education corresponds to the 6-digit education code used by Statistics Finland.
Nationality
The Vipunen Reporting Portal applies a number of classifications of different level of accuracy, for example the entire three-digit ISO 639, the same classification for the most common languages used in Finland and, as the broadest grouping, "Finnish" and "Others" (non-Finnish).
If a person has more than one nationality, Finnish is prioritised in the Vipunen Reporting Portal.
Nordic country
Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark or Iceland; in the Vipunen Reporting Portal the Nordic country variable values are "Yes" or "No".
Region of education; region where the qualification is attained
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, municipality of education refers to the municipality where education is or has primarily been pursued. The region of education may differ from the region of the education provider or institution.
Finland is divided into regions for the development of the areas and for the planning of their use. A region is an area in which the municipalities form an operationally and economically functional whole for the development of the area.
Region of residence
The Vipunen Reporting Portal defines the region of residence as the region where a person's home municipality is located at the end of the year. Finland is divided into regions for the development of the areas and for the planning of their use. A region is an area in which the municipalities form an operationally and economically functional whole for the development of the area.
Region of the education provider
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, AVI area of the education provider refers to the AVI area where the official address of the education provider is located. The municipality of the education provider may differ from the municipality of the educational institution or education. Finland is divided into regions for the development of the areas and for the planning of their use. A region is an area in which the municipalities form an operationally and economically functional whole for the development of the area.
Region of the institution
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, ELY area of the institution refers to the ELY area where the official address of the educational institution is located. The region of education may differ from the region of the education provider or education.
Sector of education
The Vipunen Reporting Portal refers to the following sectors of education: pre-primary and basic education, comprehensive school education, general upper secondary education, vocational education and training, polytechnic education and university education.
Socio-economic group
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, socio-economic group comprises a number of criteria, including the phase of life (family member, student, economically active, pensioner, etc.), and with regard to economically active persons, also occupation and status in employment. In addition, persons are classified according to their occupation and nature of work (employees and manual workers). The industry and the number of wage and salary earners are also included in the criteria.
Specific type of degree or qualification
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, specific type of degree or qualification further specifies the data on levels of education by distinguishing between youth and adult general upper secondary education, youth and adult polytechnic education, vocational upper secondary qualification, competence-based vocational upper secondary qualification, further vocational qualification and specialist vocational qualification.
Statistical year
The year for which the statistics are compiled.
Data for the statistical year can be given as a sum for the given period or it can describe a given cross-sectional point in time. For example, data for completed qualifications provide the number of qualifications during a calendar year, while the category of students in education leading to qualification provides the number of students on 20 September and the main type of activity of completers gives the data for the last week of the year.
Status in employment
Status in employment describes the position of the employed in the labour market. The Vipunen Reporting Portal classifies employed persons into wage and salary earners and entrepreneurs. The category of entrepreneurs also comprises family members who work in the enterprise but are not classified as wage and salary earners. In Vipunen, status in employment data is based on a person's pension insurance and the amount of wages and salary or entrepreneurial income.
Subfield of education
The Vipunen Reporting Portal refers to the Finnish National Board of Education 2002 Classification for Education, Subfield of education (Opetushallinnon koulutusluokitus 2002, opintoala) when classifying the subfields of education.
Type of polytechnic education
The Vipunen Reporting Portal includes the following types of education provided by polytechnics youth education: young people's education leading to a polytechnic degree, adult education leading to a polytechnic degree, vocational teacher education, specialisation studies, and education leading to a polytechnic Master's degree.
Type of vocational education and training
The Vipunen Reporting Portal includes the following types of vocational education and training: vocational upper secondary education and training and vocational further education and training. Vocational upper secondary education and training leads to, or prepares students for, upper secondary qualifications. Students attain vocational upper secondary qualifications based on the basic education syllabus. Vocational further education and training constitutes preparatory training for further and specialist vocational qualifications; these are always based on preparatory training for competence-based qualifications and lead to such a qualification. However, further and specialist vocational qualifications can be attained without attending preparatory training.
Type of vocational qualification
The Vipunen Reporting Portal classifies vocational upper secondary education and training and further vocational education and training leading to a vocational qualification according to the type of qualification as follows: education leading to/preparing for a vocational upper secondary qualification, education preparing for a further vocational qualification, and education preparing for specialist vocational qualification. Qualifications attained in vocational upper secondary education and training are vocational upper secondary qualifications based on the basic education syllabus. The objective of vocational upper secondary education and training is to provide students with broad basic vocational skills and specialist competences in accordance with their study programme. Education preparing students for further and specialist vocational qualifications refers to vocational adult education and training that always leads to competence-based qualifications. However, further and specialist vocational qualifications can be attained without attending preparatory training. A further vocational qualification constitutes a demonstration of the vocational skills required from a professional employee in the field in question. The specialist vocational qualification bears testimony to the holder’s ability to complete the most demanding work tasks in the field.
Vocational upper secondary education and training and vocational further education and training
In the Vipunen Reporting Portal, this category refers to vocational upper secondary and further education and training, excluding additional vocational education and continuous professional development that do not lead to a qualification.
Year of qualification
Calendar year during which the qualification has been attained.
Youth and adult general upper secondary education
General upper secondary education may be based on young people's curriculum (2) or adults' curriculum (2).